By Aaron D. Rubin
With a written historical past of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many global s earliest attested and longest attested households. popular family members contain Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity offers an outline of this significant language kin, together with either old and glossy languages. After a quick creation to the background of the kin and its inner category, next chapters disguise subject matters in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes good points which are attribute of the Semitic language family members as an entire, in addition to a number of the extra remarkable advancements that happen within the person languages. this offers either a typological evaluation and an outline of extra precise positive aspects. The chapters comprise ample examples from quite a few languages. the entire examples contain morpheme by way of morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which assist in making those examples transparent and obtainable even to these now not acquainted with a given language. Concluding the e-book is an in depth consultant to additional studying, which directs the reader to an important reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.This short creation encompasses a wealthy number of information, and covers subject matters no longer in most cases present in brief sketches resembling this. The readability of presentation makes it priceless not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but additionally to the final linguist or language fanatic who needs to profit anything approximately this crucial language relations.
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Additional resources for A brief introduction to the Semitic languages
For Qumran Hebrew, see Qimron (1986). For Modern Hebrew, the most comprehensive grammar is that of Glinert (1989). The more recent works by Coffin and Bolozky (2005) and Glinert (2005), though intended more for students, are also very useful. For a general overview of the history of Hebrew, Kutscher (1982) and Saenz-Badillos (1993) are very good sources. A multi-volume encyclopedia on the Hebrew language is in pro duction (Kban et al. forthcoming), and this is sure to become a major reference work.
Abdel-Massih et al. SG cat Syrian Arabic (90) Ii!!! ' (Ambros 1998) 1 72 SYNTAX A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO THE SEMITIC LANGUAGES A number of languages also possess a special interrogative parti cle, used to tum a statement into a question. Often such parti cles are proclitic or enclitic elements. Examples are Classical and Modem Standard Arabic fa-, Biblical Hebrew hii-, Ge'ez -nu and -hu (91), Tigrinya -do (92), and Amharic -Ild. The Arabic, He brew, and Ge'ez particles are all attached to the first constituent in the sentence, while the Tigrinya and Amharic particles are sentence-final.
Wies baden: Harrassowitz. Akmajian, Adrian, et al. 2010. Linguistics: An Introduction to Lan guage and Communication. 6th edn. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Ambrcs, Arne. 1998. Bongomu, Kif Int? Einfiihrung in die malte· sische Sprache. Wiesbaden: Ludwig Reichert. Appleyard, David L. 2004. Some Thoughts on the Origin of the Amharic Object Marker -["In. In Studia Aethiopica: In Hon our of Siegbert Uhlig on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday, ed. , pp. 291-301. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. Aquilina, Joseph.
A brief introduction to the Semitic languages by Aaron D. Rubin