Read e-book online A comparative grammar of the Dravidian languages PDF

By Michail S. Andronov

ISBN-10: 3447044551

ISBN-13: 9783447044554

ISBN-10: 347704455X

ISBN-13: 9783477044555

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Extra info for A comparative grammar of the Dravidian languages

Example text

Piitii. ms what conj. he erg. piitii? ' In a context free situation, question sentences (75b, 76 a, b and 77b) cannot be considered well-formed. Only in the context of echo questions are they considered acceptable. Also, the questioning of the second elements of a conjunct increases its acceptability as compared with the questioning of the first element. ) The retention of the identical postposition in a conjunct phrase also increases the grammadcality of sentences such as (76a and 76b). This claim is substantiated by the iJI-formedness of the following two 24 Syntax sentences.

Obl. ’ riaa sii? ’ There are two types of postpositions: Simple (such as vice 'in’, niiu 'to') and compound (de naal ’with/company o f, dii baabat ’about1). Sentences (72-73a) exemplify compound postpositional phrases Several examples of indirect object in the preceding sections illustrate instances of simple postpositional phrases. Neither the simple nor the compound postpositions themselves can be questioned. 5 Elements q f coordinate structures that can be questioned Primarily two main devices, juxtaposition and the use of conjunction, are used to achieve coordination.

Today rain be-fuifs. neg. 2 Expecting a negative answer If the proposition preceding na takes the negative form, a negative answer is expected, as in (16). (16) ajj baarash nil! hovegii, na? today rain neg. fs neg. ' Some positive polarity items such as pdlaat thoRe also result in a negative entailment, thus invoking a negative answer. (17) 6 p k la a /tb o R e lohe aandaa ai? 3 Alternative questions Alternative questions are formed by appending an expression jaaJki ndii 'or/that not' to the right of a declarative statement.

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A comparative grammar of the Dravidian languages by Michail S. Andronov


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