Download e-book for iPad: A Grammar of Madurese by William D. Davies

By William D. Davies

ISBN-10: 3110224437

ISBN-13: 9783110224436

Madurese is an important neighborhood language of Indonesia, with a few 14 million audio system, more often than not at the island of Madura and adjoining components of Java, making it the fourth greatest language of Indonesia after Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese. there is not any current finished descriptive grammar of the language, with current stories being both sketches of the full grammar, or specified descriptions of phonology and morphology or a few specific subject matters inside those elements of the grammar. there's no competing paintings that offers the breadth and intensity of assurance of this grammar, particularly (though now not solely) in regards to syntax.

Show description

Read or Download A Grammar of Madurese PDF

Similar instruction books

Read e-book online Cambridge Preparation to the TOEFL IBT Practice Tests PDF

Cambridge coaching for the TOEFL® try, Fourth version, is helping scholars grasp the language talents they should be triumphant at the TOEFL® iBT and converse successfully in a tutorial environment. utilizing an built-in talents process that mirrors the constitution of the TOEFL® iBT, this absolutely revised textual content is perfect for lecture room use and self-study.

Caroline R. Wiltshire, Joaquim Camps's Romance Phonology and Variation: Selected Papers from the PDF

This quantity encompasses a collection of refereed and revised papers, initially offered on the thirtieth Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages, focussing at the parts of phonology and language edition. The papers tackle matters in phonology corresponding to the emergence of the unmarked, representational constitution in phonology and morphology, intonation in Spanish, and matters in version together with dialectal modifications, codeswitching, foreigner speak, and language demise.

Peter Constantine's Making Out in Korean: Revised Edition (Making Out Books) PDF

The books within the Making Out sequence are enjoyable and obtainable courses to languages as they are spoken in the street. those vintage word books were up-to-date and increased to be used in casual occasions comparable to bars, events, or wherever else one must recognize slang to outlive! The books additionally now characteristic words written of their local script in addition to in English, so the booklet should be proven to the individual you try to speak with.

Extra resources for A Grammar of Madurese

Example text

1988/89, and at others as a slightly raised ɛ [ɛ], or ɔ, [ɔ] (Stevens 1968). Potential examples include: (35) [sɛ] ~ [sɛ] ~ [se] ‘relative particle’ [rɛja] ~ [rɛja] ~ [reja] ‘that’ [pɔlɛ] ~ [pɔlɛ] ~ [pole] ‘again’ [ratɔ] ~ [ratɔ] ~ [rato] ‘king’ Again, there is a great deal of speaker variation. Acoustic analysis does not confirm a reliable difference in open and closed syllables. 23 Cohn and Lockwood (1994) report a different tense/lax alternation involving [ɛ]/[e] and [ɔ]/[o]. They report systematic tensing and raising of front and back non-high vowels following nasals, citing the data in (36), which confirms Stevens’ (1968) observation (and reflects the nasalization rule to be discussed presently).

12 This occurs only in open syllables and is due in part to the fact that Madurese // occurs only in closed syllables, as discussed in section 3. (10) Madurese [ka] [carɛta] [parɛksa] 12 Indonesian [kə] [ərita] [pəriksa] ‘to’ ‘story’ ‘examine’ These correspondences again largely reflect the development of Proto-MalayoPolynesian vowels in the two languages. See Stevens 1966. Syllable structure and phonotactic constraints 25 The opposite correspondence obtains in some cognates. Indonesian /a/ is // in Madurese.

Occurs following all of the nasals as well as [l], [r], and [s], when the last three are in word-initial position. [ɛ] also occurs in word-initial position. The overwhelming majority of lexical items show this pattern. ) While illustration with word-initial consonants is highlighted here, the pattern obtains Vowel inventory and distribution 31 word internally as well. In [ɛki] ‘tall’, the non-high [ɛ] follows the voiceless unaspirated stop [], but the high vowel [i] follows the voiceless aspirated stop.

Download PDF sample

A Grammar of Madurese by William D. Davies

by Kevin

Rated 4.63 of 5 – based on 47 votes